Pluck’s Bowl of Tulips

In class we examined the Problem of Induction by first distinguishing between Induction to a Generalization (IG), which we encountered at the start of the semester when we discussed the difference between inductive arguments and deductive arguments, and Induction to a Particular (IP), which seems to more closely mirror the everyday on-the-fly inductive inferences we make about about what we expect the world to be like given our experience to date of it. The problem, I suggested, can be boiled down to a simple argument:The Problem of Induction 1 If IP is a justifiable inference, then either IP is justified inductively or IP is justified deductively. 2 IP cannot be justified inductively. 3 IP cannot be justified deductively. ∴ 4 IP is not a justifiable inference. 1,2, &3 Now consider the following scene: MacCruiskeen, a scientist, is watching the sunrise. She’s accompanied by her close friend Pluck, a student of philosophy.Pluck: Beautiful sunrise.MacCruiskeen: Yes. And right on time, too.Pluck: Yet there was no good reason to expect it to rise this morning.MacCruiskeen: But the sun has risen every morning for millions of years. Of course it was going to rise this morning as well.Pluck: There’s no reason to suppose it will rise tomorrow, either. In fact, it’s just as sensible to expect that a huge million-mile-wide bowl of tulips will appear on the horizon instead.MacCruiskeen: I agree we can’t be certain the sun will rise tomorrow. Some cataclysmic event might destroy the earth before then. But it’s very unlikely that anything like that will happen. The probability is that the sun will rise, surely?Pluck: You misunderstand me. I’m not just saying we can’t be certain that the sun will rise tomorrow. I’m saying we have no more reason to suppose that it will rise than we have to suppose that it won’t.MacCruiskeen: That’s absurd. The evidence—such as the fact that the sun has risen every morning for millions of years—overwhelmingly supports my belief that the sun will rise tomorrow, too.Pluck: You’re mistaken.–Adapted from Law, S. 2003. “The Philosophy Gym: 25 Short Adventures in Thinking.” New York: St. Martin’s Press.To be sure, we all share MacCruiskeen’s sentiment: Pluck’s insistence that we have as much reason to believe the sun will rise tomorrow as we have to believe that “a huge million-mile-wide bowl of tulips will appear on the horizon instead” is, as she puts it, absurd.Your task in this essay, however, is to defend Pluck as ably as you can. In particular, explain why Premise (2) in the Problem of Induction is true. That is, why can’t IP be justified inductively? Further, why is Premise (3) true? That is, why couldn’t we invoke the laws of nature or causation generally to deductively justify IP? [Hint: Recall for this latter question our discussion of Hume on causation and his notion of the constant conjunction of events.] Be sure to illustrate your explanations with specific, well-crafted examples.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Pluck’s Bowl of Tulips
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay
Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code THANKYOU